Model inheritance in Django

a.k.a. "How to query for all objects not in a given subclass"

I ran across this problem today - do please leave a comment if you know of a better way to solve it than what follows.

You have two Django models, one of which inherits from the other, e.g.:

class Order(models.Model):
    # some fields

class DiningOrder(Order):
    # some more fields

So, how do I write a query (using the Django ORM) which returns all the Orders which are not DiningOrders?

Apparently, this does the trick:

>>> Order.objects.all().count()
>>> DiningOrder.objects.all().count()
>>> Order.objects.exclude(id__in=[ for d in DiningOrder.objects.all()]).count()